Automation is the technology by which a process or procedure is performed with minimal human assistance.Automation or automatic control is the use of various control systems for operating equipment such as machinery, processes in factories, boilers and heat treating ovens, switching on telephone networks, steering and stabilization of ships, aircraft and other applications and vehicles with minimal or reduced human intervention.

Automation covers applications ranging from a household thermostat controlling a boiler, to a large industrial control system with ten of thousands of input measurements and output control signals. In control complexity, it can range from simple on-off control to multi-variable high-level algorithms.

Different types of automation tools
  • *ANN – Artificial Neural Network
  • *DCS – Distributed Control System
  • *HMI – Human Machine Interface
  • *SCADA – Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition
  • *PLC – Programmable Logic Controller
  • *Instrumentation
  • *Motion control